Siddha Medicine is a system of traditional medicine originated in ancient India before 2500 BC and is now mostly practiced in Southern areas of India. Apart from India, Siddha Medicine is more familiar with Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Burma, China, and Japan, etc.Siddha Medicine is now practiced as a form of alternative medicine in many other parts of the world and becoming more popular.
During the 19th century, the practice of science became professionalized and institutionalized in many ways that continued through the 20th century. The scientific revolution established science as a source for the growth of knowledge. The history of science is marked by a chain of advances in technology and knowledge that have always complemented each other. The belongings of Siddha Medicine are Siddha Alchemy (became Chemistry), Jothidam (became Astronomy), Gunapadam (became Pharmacology), Mooligai, Thathu, Seeva varkkam (became Pharmacognosy), kirigai (became Psychology), Thokkanam (became Physiotherapy), Varmam (became Acupressure) are proved as scientific day by day but unfortunately possessed by various branches and being updated by other modern nomenclatures.
Siddha Medical Science reveals a lot of therapeutic apparatus which is used by the people for many years to enhance their health system. We shall not forget that the health overall means the normal well being of physical and mental health. Even though Siddha Medicine renders a number of healthcare practices and many of them were not accepted by modern science and so lost their conventions. A field of study at the initial phases of the scientific method, involving information gathering and hypothesis formulation, but is not yet falsifiable, or if it is, its predictions have not yet been observed. Technological innovations bring about new discoveries and are bred by other discoveries, which inspire new possibilities and approaches to longstanding science issues.
Right from the evolution of Siddha Medicine the Siddha medical principles are Protosciences that existed before the modern scientific method was established before developing into proper science. They were often concerned as much with occultism or religion as with natural phenomena. Continuing to hold the belief in a protoscience the modern science should favor the existence as evidence based. In a broader sense, much of science could also fall under the term "protoscience" because of their partly proven status. If a field of study is consistent with existing science but has not yet been tested rigorously by the scientific method, because it is still in its formative years, then that protoscience is to be distinguished from pseudoscience likes Siddha principles. We never know if tomorrow, something new will be found which utterly shakes the foundations of science and creates a paradigm shift and we can be able to tell simply as future scientific discoveries must be unknown in the present.
Traditional medicine existed for thousands of years before medical science did, and thus many aspects of it can be described as prescientific. In a related but somewhat different sense, protoscientific assumptions can be called prescientific, in which case the proto- and pre- labels can function more or less synonymously. Siddha Medicine is a system is notable for describing procedures on various health care practices wearing ornaments like Talisman, Amulet, Pendant which are believed to contain certain medical or magical or sacramental properties which would provide good health for the possessor or possibly offer protection from disease or harm. In the construction of a Talisman or Amulet or Pendant a special care and long duration should be taken to make it, as far as possible, so to represent the universal forces that it should be in exact harmony. Potential Talismans, Amulets, and Pendants include gems, metals, seeds, salts, animal parts, drawings and words in the form of a magical spell or incantation to repel harmful factors. The harmful factors our ancestors thought were evil and they might be microorganisms. We could not simply ignore those are pseudo-science, but the science behind them must be explored.
Our health system mostly depends on western medicine for both diagnostically and therapeutically for various ailments. Western medicine is commonly known as scientific medicine which plays a major role in our health care system. Till now it could not fulfill the needs of the society. The healthcare practice needs conventional approach many times with alternative medicine. According to WHO (World Health Organization), an alternative medicine is any practice that is put forward as having the healing effects of medicine but does not need to originate from an evidence-based scientific method. Even though alternative medicine arisen from the scientific ground, unfortunately, it is considered as non-scientific. It consists of a wide range of health care practices, products, and therapies, ranging from being biologically plausible but not well tested or being directly contradicted by evidence and science. Most of the scientists trust that the treatments in alternative medicine are unethical and those are not a part of the science-based healthcare system. Alternative medical diagnosis and treatments are not included as the science-based method and are not clearly backed by scientific evidence.
Most of the alternative therapies are usually based on religion, tradition, superstition; belief in supernatural energies, pseudoscience, errors in reasoning or propaganda and lack in scientific validation and their effectiveness is either unproved or disproved. The scientific community has criticized alternative medicine as being based on misleading statements, pseudoscience, antiscience, or poor scientific methodology. We could not say that an alternative system of medicine as pseudoscience or unethical and could not conceal the lack of documentation in the alternative medical system. Unlike western countries, India has its own medical system Siddha, Ayurveda, and Unani known as Indian Medicine. Indian System of Medicine is a scientific medicine now taught in medical institutions in various states of India but requires lot of research. Ministry of Ayush is providing fund and developing research protocol to strengthen the Indian System of Medicine.